The Fundamentals of Sound in Post Production

The Fundamentals of Sound in Post Production


Hi, John Hess from FilmmakerIQ.com and today
we’ll get into the post production side of audio – establishing fundamentals and looking
at digital audio workstation tools for mixing and perfecting your film’s soundtrack. In this lesson we are going to be diving deep
into shaping sound so it’s important that you have a fair grasp of the different aspects
of sound – You may want to review, if you haven’t already, our video on the Science
and Engineering of sound as we will be using many of the terms laid out in that lesson.
For this lesson I will be demonstrating with the tools that are inside the Adobe Creative
Cloud including Premiere Pro and their Audition. All the tools I mention here should be available
in other audio editing programs and many may be included in your NLE of choice. The first tool or weapon in the sound editor’s
arsenal is the equalizer. But what exactly is an equalizer? In real basic terms an equalizer boosts or
cuts the amplitude of certain frequencies which alters the harmonics or overtones resulting
in the change of the character of the sound. Let’s imagine the audio response of a wave
as a straight line on a graph where the x axis represents the frequency going from low
to high and the y axis represents amplitude. Now let’s say we want to boost ONLY the high
frequencies – say everything above 5,000 Hz. Our straight line is now broken into two levels
with a slope in between: this is called a high shelf. This type of equalization, called a first
order filter, is the simplest kind of equalization to perform using electronic components. This
is found on your basic consumer hi fi systems. To continue, let’s say we want to cut the
sound of the low frequencies in our recording below 100Hz – our line reflects that with
a low shelf cut. Now if we go to the extreme and eliminate
all sounds from above or below a certain frequency, this shelf is called a pass filter – a High-pass
filter essentially lets all the high frequencies pass, eliminating all the low range, where
as a low-pass filter does the opposite – let all the low range pass and killing off the
high frequencies. But what if we want to target a more specific
range of frequencies? That’s where second order filters come in. This is often called
the peaking filter or parametric equalizer and it has three settings: The frequency,
which is what frequency you wish to target, the gain: how much you want to boost or cut
that frequency, and the Q or quality factor which is how wide the parabola of the adjustment
will be. High Q values will have a steeper slope. Sometimes Q is expressed in octaves
– the more octaves a Q has the more wider and gentler the effect. A really high Q filter are used to completely
eliminate a particular frequencies is sometimes called a notch cut or a band-stop filter.
These are used to eliminate constant frequency based noise like a electronic hum or to prevent
feedback in a live audio setting. Another type of equalizer you may come across
are Graphic equalizers. These will be commonly found on mix boards, they behave the same
way as parametric equalizers except instead of selecting specific frequencies and changing
the q value, all the frequencies are presented as sliders with a predetermined interval and
q value. So how and why do we use equalizers? There
are essentially three main uses- first is to fix inadequacies in the recording: Microphones
aren’t perfect and some have a specific frequency response and you may want to use the equalizer
to compensate and create a flatter response. You can also target specific hums with a notch
filter and eliminate them or use a high pass filter to cut low range rumble caused by wind
noise. The second use is when you’re mixing audio
sources that are competing in a similar frequency space – a common occurrence when mixing voice
over with a background music track, if you cut the background music in the 1200 HZ range,
the sweet spot of human voice, you can make some more room for dialogue or voice over
tracks: The final reason and arguably most important
use of EQ is for creative reasons making the track sound better – or just different. For instance boosting the bass frequencies
on a dialogue track, say around 160hz will add power to human voices -but too much can
make the track muddy and unintelligible. You can add a bit of presence by boosting the
5kHz range but again too much will cause ear fatigue. The sibelence or �ess� sounds
can be found between 4 and 10 kHz, you can boost this for more of a clear sound or cut
it to get rid of harsh ess sounds. Playing with these different EQ settings will get
you closer to your desired sound. If you’re mixing instruments – there are many charts
available online that give you a general guideline for which frequencies to target depending
on the instrument. You can even go further and push EQ to create
brand new sounds. For instance – EQ can also be used to simulate the sound coming from
a radio or walkie talkie: Houston I think we have an EQ problem. In music, dynamics refer to the general loudness
of a passage from piano which is soft to fortissimo which is loud and forceful. Dynamics in sound
engineering is same concept – the dynamic range is the difference from the very soft
to the very loud. Now sometimes we need to compress that range – to make the difference
between soft and loud passages smaller. This is the work of a tool called the compressor.
To visualize what the compressor does, let’s use, what else, a graph. On the x axis we’ll
put our input level in decibels and on our y axis will be our output level. If we don’t apply any compression at all we
will have a straight line curve going 45 degrees up the the chart with a slope of 1. For any
given input, the output will be exactly thesame. A compressor works by essentially squashing
down sound that goes above a certain threshold – let’s say we we want to dampen everything
that goes above-12dB. A compressor essentially draws a new line starting at -12dB this time
with say a slope of one half – or 2:1 compression. This means for ever 2 dB increase in volume
above -12dB from the input, there will only be a 1 dB increase in output volume. A more
drastic compression would be 4:1, for each 4dB increase of input there would only be
one dB increase in the output. Compressors have settings for attack and release
to determine how quickly or slowly they kick in. Too fast and you can get a pumping sound,
too slow and spikes in the audio can slip through. Once we have compressed the dynamic range,
we can safely boost the entire track to make everything generally louder if desired. If you push the slope flatter to say 20:1
or 100:1 you get what is called a limiter. A limiter essentially prevents peaks from
going over a specific target generally used for broadcast and they have very short attack
and release times. The opposite of a compressor is called, as
you might imagine, an expander. Going back to our curve – an expander is a part of the
curve that has a slope of greater than 1. Let’s say we want the audio that is below
-20 dB to get quieter faster – our curve reflects that with steeper slope. Expanders are generally only used for the
quieter parts of the dynamic range. A noise gate is one kind of expander – a noise gate
is essentially like a high pass filter except for amplitude. Anything louder than the threshold
will get through, anything lower than the threshold will be expanded down into nothing.
Attack and release settings are available for expanders as well and need to be tinkered
with to find the best settings. So why would we need to use a compressor?
Compressors help smooth out sudden increases in volume caused by momentary changes of distance
from the mic or just natural changes in volume. Smaller dynamic ranges may be necessary for
your venue – if you’re mixing audio for a video that will be shown on the floor of a
subway station there’s going to be a lot of ambient noise and you’ll need to boost the
soft parts in order to compete with that noise. Which gets us to one of the main use of compression
– to make the audio sound more powerful and louder than it really is. Over the years the
recording industry has move towards making their albums sound as loud as possible – comparing
the waveforms from a recording from the 70s and a modern song show just how much compression
is used these days – that’s not always a bad thing as people are often listening to music
in their cars or on earbuds where it’s important to keep a consistent level while having that
feeling of loudness. A really handy tool for bringing out more
life in an audio track is the multiband compressor – it essentially combines the best of EQ – the
control of harmonics and overtones with the control over dynamic range that a compressor
has. A multiband compressor essentially breaks the track into different bands of frequencies
which you can independently apply compression. For example on voice tracks you can compress
and boost that 160hz range for adding power while leaving everything else alone. Most
programs will have several presets to pick from and I almost always find myself reaching
for the multiband compressor when finishing my mixes. Expanders can be used as noise gates which
can push our noise floor lower but there is another technique in the digital realm for
eliminating noise which is called the Fast Fourier Transform or FFT. Inside Adobe Audtion, FFT is a stand alone
filter or part of their noise reduction suite and it works by first taking a snapshot of
your audio waveform – creating a profile of the unwanted sound. Then using various settings
you can subtract the offending noise from the entire track. Now the problem with FFT processing is too
much can result in something called chirping which is squirrely weird digital bird sounds.
You can avoid chirping but not completely removing background noise. To my ears a little
bit of ambient noise is not necessarily unwanted as it can give a little warmth to a track. But FFT isn’t used only noise reduction as
you can use it to remove practically any sound from car horns, to footsteps to instrument
hits. There are a lot of neat and amazing things can be done with FFT. Now we get into probably the most fun filters
– certain the first ones I tried out as a kid first playing with a digital audio program. Using a delay filter – we can create some
really interesting effects. By repeating the audio with a delay of 15 milliseconds or less,
we get an effect called combing where interference patterns created resemble that of a comb.
Now combing is generally avoided in the recording stage, it’s caused by quick slappy echo but
as an effect it may be able add something unique and interesting to the mix. With a delay of 15-35 millisounds we start
getting chorusing effects where the brain is starting to perceive more than one voice
or instrument is being sounded. Chorusing filters can also vary the pitch and timing
of the delays for more effects. This may be useful for creating bizarre and other worldly
characters for your audio Beyond 35 miliseconds and we will begin to
perceive an echo effect. Along with echo are reverb filters. Instead
of being a direct delayed copy, reverb is the mixture of a large number of random and
decaying echos. Advanced digital reverb generators can even simulate the time and frequency response
of a specific rooms like concert halls. Echo and reverb can give your audio track a sense
of space – whether that’s a large cavern or even a small hard room. Now if we take a wave and we squeeze the time
we are by very essence adjusting the frequency. Make the time shorter and the frequency will
go up. Stretch it out longer and the frequency will go down. This is the most basic form
of pitch shifting and it’s sometimes linked to the Chipmunk Effect – where the original
songs were sung at half the speed and an octave below and then played back at twice the speed. But say you want to change the time of the
track without chanigng the pitch – or vice versa. To do this, audio programs use either
Phase Vocoders or sinuosodal spectral modeling to stretch and squish waveforms making things
like auto tune possible. These essentially model the new desired sound frequency waves
using rather complicated math which we’ll just leave to the audio engineers and programmers Wow, we’ve barely scratched the surface of
what goes into audio engineering and sound design. But the whole purpose of this lesson
has been to provide some foundational ground work from EQ, Dynamics, Noise Reduction, and
Time and Pitch effects, I hope this has cleared up some of the mystery of working with post
audio. No filmmaker, no sound mixer, or artist working in any medium, can simply watch a
video or take a class and suddenly become the top of the field. It takes practice practice
practice. And in the case of audio mixing, a lot of time just fiddling with those knobs
and buttons and experimenting with how it sounds when you boost this range or cut that
frequency. Experiment, play and repeat – if it sounds good, and you have a decent pair
of speakers – then it IS good. Don’t be afraid to try things and fail, because it’s all on
the path to making something great. I’m John Hess, I’ll see you at FilmmakerIQ.com

Nelly Furtado – Promiscuous ft. Timbaland (Official Music Video)

Nelly Furtado – Promiscuous ft. Timbaland (Official Music Video)


– – AM – AM I – AM I T – AM I THR – AM I THROW – AM I THROWIN – AM I THROWING – AM I THROWING YO – AM I THROWING YOU – AM I THROWING YOU OF – AM I THROWING YOU OFF? – AM I THROWING YOU OFF?
– – AM I THROWING YOU OFF?
– NO – AM I THROWING YOU OFF?
– NOPE – AM I THROWING YOU OFF?
– NOPE. Nelly:
DIDN’T THINK SO.
♪ HOW’RE YOU DOING,
YOUNG LADY? THE FEELING ♪♪ THAT YOU’RE GIVING
REALLY DRIVES ME CRAZY ♪
♪ YOU’RE DOPE,
HAVE A PLAYER
BY THE CHOKE ♪
♪ I WAS AT A LOSS FOR WORDS
FIRST TIME THAT WE SPOKE ♪
♪ YOU’RE LOOKING FOR A GIRL
THAT’LL TREAT YOU RIGHT ♪ ♪ YOU’RE LOOKING FOR HER
IN THE DAYTIME WITH A LIGHT ♪ Timbaland:
♪ YOU MIGHT BE THE TYPE
IF I PLAY MY CARDS RIGHT ♪
♪ I’LL FIND OUT
BY THE END OF THE NIGHT ♪
♪ YOU EXPECT ME
TO JUST LET YOU HIT IT ♪ ♪ BUT WILL YOU STILL
RESPECT ME IF YOU GET IT? ♪ ♪ ALL I CAN DO IS TRY,
GIVE ME ONE CHANCE ♪ ♪ WHAT’S THE PROBLEM?
I DON’T SEE NO RING
ON YOUR HAND ♪ ♪ I’LL BE THE FIRST
TO ADMIT IT ♪♪ I’M CURIOUS ABOUT YOU,
YOU SEEM SO INNOCENT ♪
♪ YOU WANNA GET IN MY WORLD,
GET LOST IN IT ♪ ♪ BOY, I’M TIRED OF RUNNIN’,
LET’S WALK FOR A MINUTE ♪♪ PROMISCUOUS GIRL,
WHEREVER YOU ARE ♪
♪ I’M ALL ALONE
AND IT’S YOU THAT I WANT ♪
♪ PROMISCUOUS BOY,
YOU ALREADY KNOW ♪ ♪ THAT I’M ALL YOURS ♪ ♪ WHAT YOU WAITING FOR? ♪ ♪ PROMISCUOUS GIRL,
YOU’RE TEASING ME ♪♪ YOU KNOW WHAT I WANT
AND I GOT WHAT YOU NEED ♪
♪ PROMISCUOUS BOY,
LET’S GET TO THE POINT ♪ ♪ ‘CAUSE WE’RE
ON A ROLL, YOU READY? ♪ ♪ ROSES ARE RED,
SOME DIAMONDS ARE BLUE ♪ ♪ CHIVALRY IS DEAD,
BUT YOU’RE STILL KINDA CUTE ♪ ♪ HEY, I CAN’T KEEP
MY MIND OFF YOU ♪ ♪ WHERE YOU AT? DO YOU MIND
IF I COME THROUGH? ♪ ♪ I’M OUT OF THIS WORLD,
COME WITH ME TO MY PLANET ♪ ♪ MEET YOU ON MY LEVEL,
DO YOU THINK YOU
CAN HANDLE IT? ♪ ♪ THEY CALL ME THOMAS,
LAST NAME CROWN ♪ ♪ RECOGNIZE GAME,
IMMA LAY MINES DOWN ♪ ♪ I’M A BIG GIRL,
I CAN HANDLE MYSELF ♪ ♪ BUT IF I GET LONELY,
I MAY NEED YOUR HELP ♪ ♪ PAY ATTENTION TO ME,
I DON’T TALK FOR MY HEALTH ♪ –♪ I WANT YOU ON MY TEAM ♪
– ♪ SO DOES EVERYBODY ELSE ♪
♪ BABY, WE CAN KEEP IT
ON THE LOW ♪ ♪ LET YOUR GUARD DOWN,
AIN’T NOBODY GOTTA KNOW ♪ ♪ IF YOU WITH IT, GIRL,
I KNOW A PLACE WE CAN GO ♪ ♪ WHAT KIND OF GIRL
DO YOU TAKE ME FOR? ♪ ♪ PROMISCUOUS GIRL,
WHEREVER YOU ARE ♪ ♪ I’M ALL ALONE
AND IT’S YOU THAT I WANT ♪♪ PROMISCUOUS BOY,
YOU ALREADY KNOW ♪
♪ THAT I’M ALL YOURS,
WHAT YOU WAITING FOR? ♪ ♪ PROMISCUOUS GIRL,
YOU’RE TEASING ME ♪ ♪ YOU KNOW WHAT I WANT
AND I GOT WHAT YOU NEED ♪ ♪ PROMISCUOUS BOY,
LET’S GET TO THE POINT ♪ ♪ ‘CAUSE WE’RE
ON A ROLL, YOU READY? ♪ ♪ DON’T BE MAD,
DON’T GET MEAN ♪ ♪ DON’T GET MAD,
DON’T BE MEAN ♪ ♪ HEY, DON’T BE MAD,
DON’T GET MEAN ♪ ♪ DON’T GET MAD,
DON’T BE MEAN ♪ ♪ WAIT, I DON’T MEAN
NO HARM ♪ ♪ I CAN SEE YOU
WITH MY T-SHIRT ON ♪ ♪ I CAN SEE YOU
WITH NOTHING ON ♪ ♪ FEELING ON ME BEFORE
YOU BRING THAT ON ♪ – ♪ BRING THAT ON? ♪
– ♪ YOU KNOW WHAT I MEAN ♪ ♪ GIRL, I’M A FREAK,
YOU SHOULDN’T SAY
THOSE THINGS ♪ ♪ I’M ONLY TRYING TO GET
INSIDE OF YOUR BRAIN ♪ ♪ TO SEE IF YOU CAN
WORK ME THE WAY YOU SAY ♪ ♪ IT’S OKAY,
IT’S ALL RIGHT ♪♪ I GOT SOMETHING
THAT YOU GONNA LIKE ♪
♪ IS IT THE TRUTH
OR ARE YOU TALKIN’ TRASH? ♪ IS YOUR GAME M.V.P.
LIKE STEVE NASH? ♪♪ PROMISCUOUS GIRL,
WHEREVER YOU ARE ♪
♪ I’M ALL ALONE
AND IT’S YOU THAT I WANT ♪ ♪ PROMISCUOUS BOY,
I’M CALLING YOUR NAME ♪ ♪ BUT YOU’RE
DRIVING ME CRAZY ♪ ♪ THE WAY
YOU’RE MAKING ME WAIT ♪ ♪ PROMISCUOUS GIRL,
YOU’RE TEASING ME ♪ ♪ YOU KNOW WHAT I WANT
AND I’VE GOT WHAT YOU NEED ♪ ♪ PROMISCUOUS BOY,
WE’RE ONE AND THE SAME ♪ ♪ SO WE DON’T GOTTA PLAY
GAMES NO MORE. ♪
( echoes ) ( vocalizing )( music continues )

War Trailer | Hrithik Roshan | Tiger Shroff | Vaani Kapoor | 4K | New Movie Trailer 2019

War Trailer | Hrithik Roshan | Tiger Shroff | Vaani Kapoor | 4K | New Movie Trailer 2019


What the hell’s going on,
Colonel Luthra? Kabir has gone rogue, ma’am. Kabir’s our best. Kill him before he does
anything else. There must be someone
who can get to him. No one knows Kabir
like I do. I can guess his next move. Khalid. Who’s the team-leader? Who do you think? Remember what I taught you, Khalid. Shoot, if you get the chance. Don’t think. Cause I won’t. Before you get to anyone else,
I’ll get you. Get out of my way! You taught me everything
I know… …except for betrayal. THIS YEAR VS Game over. THERE WILL BE WAR Khalid was my student once… …now he thinks he’s better
than his teacher.

THIS SOUNDS SO COOL! Singing every other syllable!

THIS SOUNDS SO COOL! Singing every other syllable!


What’s up My name is Roomie and welcome to another edition of Singing Experiments, the best naked show on YouTube. Let’s just all get naked you guys have to get naked too, and let’s get Dave. Hey Dave Get get back here Dave. We’re getting NAKED! So today’s experiment is to be recording one syllable at a time I know we’ve been doing a lot of syllables sh*t recently And you know it’s just I don’t have any ideas I tried to get ideas from Dave, Dave doesn’t have any ideas either He just you know just knows how to leech off of other Youtubers. Essentially recording one syllable at a time means this: Dave. Is. a. Little. bitch. I’m not gonna be in the rest of the video bye Dave’s gonna record a really long rap one syllable at a time Okay, I just realized how stupid I am if I would actually record one syllable at a time this video would take like months to Make so instead I’m gonna be recording every other syllable at a time It’s difficult as sh*t to explain so I’m just gonna show it I’m gonna be wearing a hat for one take and I’m not gonna be wearing a hat for the other take twinkle twinkle little Star how I wonder What you aRE? So the first time we’re gonna record is by a genius who was never truly appreciated during his lifetime But nowadays we can all agree that he was probably one of the best songwriters in the world, his name is Roomie Official and the song is called Numb Childhood That’s so wrong this is this is so hard what ever happened to childhood Okay, so let’s have a listen to what it all sounds like together the vastly superior version. Let’s go Okay, so we haven’t done one of these in a while Here’s a cringe sketch based on the every other syllable concept if you really can’t stand cringe. Then skip the video a little bit oh Dude, are you wearing sunglasses right now? It’s not even sunny and you’re inside you’re such a f****** moron oh I don’t know maybe I should take this sunglasses off. Also dude what’s with the haircut? It’s so ugly Jesus oh that makes me very sad I always thought that my hair was alright Also, your face is just the ugliest thing I’ve seen in my life Jesus oh well at least your face is really attractive, but not for LoNG This is a great sketch 10/10 Roomie indeed a lovely boy. I once saw him throw a ball without feeling completely But he always has and always will be an idiot you see this sketch wasn’t at all 10/10 who was more like negative sixty seven out of ten the thinking sense of judgment was really this bad. It’s ridiculous It’s so stupid Okay, let’s move on ok so we were gonna film the sketch thing on this bench But it’s really really cold the Sun is just going down so the Lighting’s gonna be absolute trash beautiful though You’re beautiful, but Ah, yes I forgot. He’s also bully. Stupid Roomie! Ok so before I show you the best every other syllable song here’s the comment song from last week with your best responses the setup was I am very good at love This is the sad one. Actually, that’s my bad I chose the word that was really hard to rhyme with this week. I’m sorry A lot of gloves let up above I’m sorry about that which is something better now Okay, so for next week’s comment song I have this set up for you guys the thing about Youtubers is put your best responses in the comments below And I will choose your best answers that also rhyme for next week’s video and maybe some that don’t rhyme if they’re funny enough Okay, so the next and final song of all the songs We’re gonna be recording is by my biggest singing idol his name is Roomie, and this song is called Long-Distance Love I just want to be somewhere beside ya I don’t even care where we are I just want to be somewhere beside ya I don’t even care where we are Hey, I f****** love ya My long distance love Today I’m going to experiment with ASMR singing really really quiet singing I am in your left ear I am in your right ear So what type of makeup, would you like today he can have a sexy smoky eye Oh, can I get like a heavy sexy smoky eye?

Alright (Shayad Yahi Sahi Hai) | Sohil Khan Ft. Aakanksha Sareen | New Song 2019

Alright (Shayad Yahi Sahi Hai) | Sohil Khan Ft. Aakanksha Sareen |  New Song 2019


Where are You ? Where ? Wait m Coming Are you happy since living without me? living without me living without me I know you are secretly wounding you are secretly wounding you are secretly wounding You said all the things I remember You are no longer around them How am i asking again and again The empty chest is watching me just breathing I am watching you Why are you watching me? When you do not have to take a decision, then it is good that you are gone Maybe that’s alright Maybe that’s alright When you do not have to take a decision, then it is good that you are gone Maybe that’s alright Maybe that’s alright When you do not have to take a decision, then it is good that you are gone Maybe that’s alright Promises broken like stars * We are both living like Destitute now The pain that was shared in the evening now biting me, how did they pass Now even that small world of dreams is not there world of dreams is not there world of dreams is not there Where we started, we stand still today we stand still today we stand still today I remember all the things you said You are no longer around them How am i asking again and again The empty chest is watching me just breathing I am watching you Why are you watching me ? When you do not have to take a decision, then it is good that you are gone Maybe that’s alright Maybe that’s alright When you do not have to take a decision, then it is good that you are gone Maybe that’s alright Hey Everybody just saw our song Alright. Please leave your comments, how did you like the song? and also What should be the end of this song: You can comment and tell and don’t forget to like & subscribe and also please share with your freinds Subscribe to LitTune Thank You 😉

A New Year of Lying to Myself… In Song!! | Sanders Sides

A New Year of Lying to Myself… In Song!!  | Sanders Sides


What’s this? 2016 has evolved into 2017? Or devolved. . . We don’t know yet. We’re gonna find out together. [Intro music] What is up, everybody?! Welp, another year has come and gone. So long, 2016! And you know, despite all the cruddy things that happened during this past year, I have to be thankful for all the things I was able to accomplish. I got to hang out with the Teen Titans Greg Cipes: [Beast Boy voice] Teen Titans? Thomas: Hi. You guys live in a secret base? Greg Cipes: Totally secret, bruh. Thomas: Then why is it a building shaped like a gigantic T? Greg Cipes: Didn’t think about that. . . Thomas: No, you didn’t. Khary Payton: [Cyborg voice] BOO YAHH!!!! Tara Strong: [Raven voice] Azarath metrion ZINTHOS! Thomas: So cool! So, Robin, what can you do? Scott Menville: [Robin voice] I can say, TITANS GO!!! Yeah? Thomas: Great . . . I got really obsessed with Hamilton, and then I bothered some of the original cast. Thomas: Pardon me, are you Aaron Burr, sir? Leslie Odom Jr.: That depends, who’s asking? Thomas: Okay, you don’t have to be rude. I’m just a big fan. Sorry. Thomas: Have you heard the Hamilton mixtape? Have you heard the Hamilton mixtape? Have you heard the new Hamilton mixtape? Anthony Ramos: Dude, yes! I got to have fun with some of the Crystal Gems and Steven Universe. Thomas: Who ate my fries? Lapis? Jennifer Paz: [Lapis voice] I don’t like fries. Thomas: Pearl? Deedee Magno: [Pearl voice] I don’t like food! Thomas: Steven? Zach Callison: [Steven voice] It was Amythest! Michaela Dietz: [Amethyst voice] Yeah, it was! Thomas: UGHHHH!!! I got to go to the Tonys, got to travel to different countries, I performed at VidCon, I went to Playlist and had a huge birthday surprise thrown for me on stage, I won a Streamy award, I collabed with soooo many of my YouTube heroes, AND I went on tour with my first original musical and met so many of you guys across 17 different cities in the U.S. and Canada! Whooooo! (Gasps for air) So the question remains: What comes next? Logic: Good question! OOHkay, my logical side is back, everyone. Logic: It’s the beginning of the year, which means we… Both: …make New Year’s resolutions.
Logic: Very good. Well, I was just thinking, like, goals to set this year for my videos. Logic: Good videos come when we set a better lifestyle for ourselves, Thomas. now– Logic: –what are some steps we can take to achieve this? Ummmm…. Morality: Really? Can’t think of one? Logic: Now, w-wait a second, this is my turn! Logic: This is the video where I come to help! Morality: Except I’ve already gone through this. Morality: Hey, Dad here. I represent Thomas’ morality– Logic: Oh, come on! Morality: What about learning to cook? And all those other steps towards proper adultery? That’s not the word. That-that doesn’t mean becoming an adult. Morality: Yeah, yeah. Well, whatever the word is, don’t you think that’s something to work towards this year? Logic: Excuse me, but we were just working out what he needs to focus on this year, which in my opinions, is expanding your mind. Good content will only come to your viewers if you educate yourself. Thomas: Yeah…
Morality: Well, that’s all well and good, but how is he supposed to do that when he still needs to work on eating right and taking care of himself more? Yeah, I gotta do that too… Logic: He can do that just fine! He’s severely lacking in the knowledge department! Well… Logic: He’s cooked in the kitchen plenty of times since you’ve talked to him. Morality: Has he now? [laughs] Well, I might need to see some proof of that; should we dust the stove for prints? Princey: Did someone say “prince”? [Thomas & Logic] Noooooo!
[Morality]: Heyyyy! Oh, wow, okay, so my fanciful side is here too now. Princey: Thomas, as you know, I am your hopes and dreams, and you need to dedicate this year to doing all the things you’ve ever dreamed of! Travel more! Act more! Create more! Logic: [yelling]: But how can he do that without knowledge? Morality: Or a healthy way of living? Princey: I get what you two are saying, and I do care about that. But here’s the thing: I don’t really care about that. Logic: OH, my goodness gracious–
Morality: The basic, essential things– [Overlapping speech] [Thomas trying to get his emotions to agree and be peaceful for once.] Anxiety: So, isn’t this nice. Oh, good, my anxiety, right on time. Princey: What are you doing back here? Anxiety: All these emotions and thoughts in complete turmoil? How could I not show up at this party? Logic: Unbelievable. This was totally supposed to be my video. Anxiety: Get over it. You’re the least popular character, and you know it. Thomas: [clicks tongue] Ooooh… Morality: [cough, repressed giggle] Princey: Curse you for making me laugh. Anxiety: This whole thing just amuses me, because you’re gonna waste all this time picking out goals for the new year, what you need to start doing, or stop doing, and in a month, probably less, it’s all gonna be for nothing. You’re gonna stop trying and go right back to before. It’s all meaningless. Thomas: Nuh-uh! Anxiety: Yuh-huh! Princey: We’ve got this. He’ll definitely stay true. Logic: Well, looking at facts, we have been pretty bad about sticking to goals in the past. Morality: Can’t lie about that. Anxiety: See? You know it’s true. Princey: Ugh. I do not like you. Well, this year it could be different, right? Right? ♫I’ll cut out carbs to lose some weight.♫ That’s a lie. ♫I won’t go to bed so late.♫ LIE! ♫I won’t be so shy to date.♫ LIE ♫I won’t do so much riffing.♫ ♫Lieeeeeee.♫ ♫I will go to the gym and get real strong.♫ Lie! ♫All my work I won’t prolong.♫ Hah! Lie. ♫I’ll stick to goals the whole year-long.♫ ANOTHER LIE! ♫I won’t sing so many Disney songs.♫ You’re kidding, right? ♫Let’s face the facts and come to terms it’s time to realize.♫ ♫These goals are only merely hope we quickly leave behind.♫ ♫They’re lies, lies, lies, lies, lieeeeees!♫ Anxiety: Give it up. Resolutions are nothing more than empty promises to yourself. Shouldn’t even try. Okay, maybe thinking big like that is not the way to go, but resolutions don’t have to be big. They can be reasonable. ♫I could cook a meal or four.♫ True… ♫Keep my clothes neater in my drawer.♫ True. ♫Improve my credit score.♫ So true. ♫Tell my loved ones that I love them more.♫ That’s cute! :3 ♫There’s a book I’ve meant to read…♫ True. ♫Do my best to do good deeds.♫ (LOUD GASP) True! ♫Take the time for me I need.♫ Too true! ♫Follow less and take a lead!♫ ♫Don’t kid yourself, you know your year can’t be that sublime.♫ ♫You may be right, but I’ll prove you wrong. We’ll both find out in time♫ Thomas: ♫If they’re lies lies lies lies lieeeeeeeees.♫
[L,M,P]: [harmonizing] ♫Ooooo♫ ♫They could be lies lies lies lies lieeeeeeeeees.♫
[L,M,P]: [harmonizing] ♫Ooooo♫ ♫I won’t let them be lies lies lies lies lieeeeeeeeeees.♫
[L,M,P]: [harmonizing] ♫Ooooo–♫ ♫I’m doing fine.♫ Anxiety: You sicken me. You can’t always rely on a catchy tune to solve your problems.
[Tune continues lightly in background] Princey: I disagree. So long, Anxiety. Anxiety: Ugh, it’s gonna be stuck in my head all day. So, the bottom line here is to start with little things to work on Logic: And then go from there. Morality: No pressure either way. Princey: Even a little progress is progress. This I can work with. Thank you- (song abruptly stops) Logic: Wait- okay, you get out- Princey: (surprised noise)
Logic: (quickly) Yep- no-n-n-nope. Logic: Just get out- great- siiink down- perfect- sink down- there you go- right-
Princey: Oh, I– oh… well alright… I guess… Logic: Alright, now you– fantastic– go ahead…
Morality: Me too? Well I was gonna- Logic: Oh, no, no, no- no witty quip, no dad joke, just sink down.
Morality: I was gonna- Logic: Just sink down- sink- peeerfect- sink d- peeerfect.
Morality: (confused) Uh- wh- yes Logic: Alright, great. (To Thomas) Okay- continue Thomas: Thank you? Logic: You’re WELCOME! Logic: See, this was MY video, I helped, just me, no one else. (music continues) Alright, well now that THAT’S all settled, I hope all of you figure out some nice, achievable goals to work on for this year. And until next time, take it easy guys , gals, and non-binary pals. PEACE OUT- Morality: Hey! My New Years resolution is 1080p! Logic: Doh, COME ON! Big thank you to my friend Chris for helping to create that little ditty, he’s an absolute musical magicman, and all his information is down in the description below. And THANK you, to all of you guys for making this past year so utterly AMAZING! And here’s to an awesome new year. Princey: Hey Anxiety, if you had to have a New Years resolution what would it be? Anxiety: [tongue clicks] Probably to find darker eye shadow to better match my soul. Princey: YOU are an EMO NIGHTMARE. Anxiety: [tongue clicks] Thank you.

Animals and the sounds they make!

Animals and the sounds they make!


Moo. Moo. Moo. Moo, moo, moo, moo, moo. Moo. Moo. Hey, cow. What are you doing? Moo. This is a cow, and the cow
lives in not a house, a barn. Do you like cows?
Are they delicious? I’m going to eat you, cow. Don’t do it!
Okay, so today… Hi, everyone out there. My name’s Ronnie. If you’ve
got children sitting around, bring them here, they’re going to
learn something, you’re going to learn something.
It’s going to be fantastic. I promise I won’t say bad words. Maybe just one. So, today I’m going
to teach you-moo, barn-animal sounds -fun, fun, fun-in English. And while your kids are
learning this, you are going to be practicing pronunciation. I even do it right now. So
learn English animal noises, practice your pronunciation, have fun with your kids, and
eat a hamburger. I can’t think of anything better for you to do right now. The first animal, as I said, delicious, is
chuck la moo a cow. A cow says moo. If I go up to the board here, I have a cow. A cow
says moo. Sometimes the sounds in English and the words that we use for the sounds are
the same. With a cow, it’s moo, moo, moo, moo, moo, moo, moo all around. If you’re really,
really, really good at cow noises, you can even go maaa. You try. No. Do it again. One more time. A cow goes… Yeah, I like it. I like it. Okay, next one. Quack, quack. Do you know
what noise that is or what animal makes that noise? Quack, quack, quack. It is a duck.
Quack. Now, a duck does not live in a barn. Quack. A duck lives in the water, and they’re
really cool because they can fly and swim. Awesome. Also delicious. I would eat duck.
Have you eaten duck? Quack. So, a duck says quack. Now, ladies and gentlemen, it’s really
difficult in English sometimes for me to hear if you are saying “duck” or if you are saying
“dog”. Everyone from around the world, I don’t care what country you’re from, this is really,
really hard, and this is where you get to practice your pronunciation. So, when you want
to say this guy-quack, quack-you’re going to say: “duck”. It rhymes with the word “truck”.
Mm-hmm. If you want to say man’s best friend, it’s a dog. Dog. Okay? I have a dog, he’s really cute. You want
to see him? You ready? Do you have a dog? This is my dog. Woof, woof. Sometimes dogs go
woof, woof. It depends how big they are. My dog’s pretty small and he says woof, woof. In English, a dog
says woof, woof. Woof, woof, woof, woof, woof, woof. And he actually… Dogs don’t talk. Did
you know that? Oh, sorry, they do talk, but when they talk, the language they’re
lear-… It’s not English, it’s bark. So dogs bark, but the sound that we make is woof,
woof. And the language that they speak is bark. Not barf, bark. So, we have a dog says
woof, and we have a-I didn’t eat it-a duck says quack. Duck, dog. And this
guy is a cow, and he says moo. Woo-hoo. Next up, again we have to be careful with
our pronunciation because if you don’t say the “p” on this animal, sheep, or if you say
the e’s wrong, I think you’re saying ship. Ships don’t really make
any noises, do they? Kids, ships? No. Ships kind of go: “Unh,
I’m a ship.” But this guy, a sheep… A sheep says maaa or if
it’s a boy it says baaa. So boy sheep say baaa, and girl sheep say maaa,
maaa. Are you a boy sheep or a girl sheep? If you’re a boy
sheep, you go baaa. If you’re a girl sheep, go maaa. Make your best sheep noise. Go! Oo, I liked it. Okay, so sheep.
Baaa or maaa. Next one, one of my favourites. I’ve
ridden one. Oh, I’ve forgotten something. Delicious, delicious, never tried, Ronnie hates sheep. This is the only food
that people really, really, really like, lamb, mutton also known
as. Guess what? That’s a sheep you’re eating. It’s probably the only animal that I don’t
like to eat. So, please don’t ever feed me sheep or lamb. I will… I just
won’t eat it. I don’t like it. The next one up, one of my personal favourites is
ee-aw, ee-aw. Ready? Ee-aw. Or we say hee-haw. I like ee-aw better. It is one of the most
funny animals in the world, a donkey. Ee-aw. Do you have a pet donkey? I don’t. I have
a dog, not a donkey. This is a donkey. Donkeys say ee-aw. Mm-hmm. Next up, [snorts] we have a pig. Delicious again.
Now, unfortunately, I lost my pig. I don’t have a pig anymore. I think somebody
ate my pig. They had bacon, or pork, or a nice roast. So I don’t have a pig, but I have
a picture of a pig if you’d like to see. His name’s Bob. This is my pig, Bob.
And pigs say oink, oink. They also do something called snort, so they go [snorts]. Try it. [Snorts]. You got to breathe in
through your noise. [Snorts]. Or if you can’t do the [snorts],
which is super cool, you can go oink, oink, oink, oink. So pigs… So oink or [snorts]. Now,
this noise, in English, we say snort. Sometimes when we laugh a lot, [snorts],
we snort when we laugh. That’s funny. A little embarrassing for some people. I think
it’s pretty funny. Do you snort when you laugh? Have you ever had milk? Mm-hmm. You drink the
milk and you laugh, and it comes out your nose? [Snorts]. Milk everywhere.
Fun times. This little guy, he’s a mouse. Squeak, squeak.
“Mice” in the plural, but “mouse” in the singular. He’s really, really, really, really small.
“I’m a mouse and I like to eat cheese.” So this is adorable little mouse.
Do you eat mice? Ronnie’s never eaten a mouse.
Have you eaten a mouse? Do you know what?
If you barbequed me a mouse, I would probably eat
it, and it would say: “Squeak, squeak, squeak, don’t eat me, Ronnie. Squeak,
squeak, squeak. I’m just a mouse. Give me some cheese.” I’m not going to eat him.
He’s too cute. So, a cow says moo, a duck says quack, a
dog says woof, a sheep says baaa or maaa, a donkey says ee-aw, a pig says oink or [snorts]
if you want, and a mouse says squeak, squeak. Are you ready for some more? Are you ready?
Yeah, okay. Let’s go. What’s next? Oh, this guy, this guy.
One of my favourites. Ribbit. Can you do that? Ribbit. It’s taken me years to perfect that.
This guy is called-ribbit-a frog. He does not live in a barn. He lives in a pond
or in water, and yeah, I’ve eaten him, too. Damn, I just eat all the animals. That’s all right.
Ribbit. So, the name of this guy is a frog, and the noise that he makes or she makes is ribbit,
ribbit, ribbit. Now, I bet you you can jump like a frog. I can jump like a frog. Ribbit,
ribbit. Can you jump like a frog? Try it. Get your Mom and Dad to do it, too. Come on,
Mom and Dad, jump. Are you a frog family now? Good. Uh-oh, uh-oh. Hide, everyone, hide. It’s a
snake. Do you like snakes? Snakes are quite silly, aren’t they? This is a purple snake,
and sometimes snakes are poisonous, so that means they will bite you and you will die.
Have you eaten snake? I haven’t. Have I…? Nope, I’ve never eaten snake. Maybe that’s
next for dinner for Ronnie is eat a snake. Snakes make a hiss noise, so this guy goes
ssss, ssss. When you are learning to speak English, it’s really, really, really important
that you be able to say “ssss”, and not “shh” or “cr-lah”, any other noises. So, ladies and
gentlemen, when you say this sound: ssss, your teeth, your mouth is a little bit open,
and your tongue is putting the air through so it’s a really nice ssss, “s” sound. This
will help you. One thing that’s difficult in English is the difference between the “ssss”
sound and the “shh” sound. Now, when you want to say this animal, the sheep, you got to
make a mouth like this and go: “Shheep”. It’s like you’re telling someone to be quiet,
so it’s sheep. You don’t want to say “seep”, you want to say “sheep”. When you make the snake
“s” it’s like ssss, so you say “ssssnake”. Good. Oh. Meow. Oh, uh-oh. What is it? Meow.
Do you know what that is? Meow, meow, meow, meow,
meow, meow, meow. Oh, it’s a cat. Meow. Do you
have a cat in your house? Does your cat have a name? Meow. I had a cat. I didn’t eat it. I
know you were thinking I ate it. It ran away. So, his name was Fluffy, and when
I was a child, I was five years old and the cat just ran away. I don’t know where he is,
but the noise that a cat makes says meow. So, a cat says meow. Meow. Now, maybe your
cat has babies or one baby. A baby cat is called a kitten, and a kitten, because it’s
not old enough to talk properly yet, says mew, mew. Okay, let’s try.
A cat says meow, and a kitten says mew. If cats and kittens and lions and tigers and bears are really
happy, they will do something called purr. I don’t know how to purr. [Purrs]. No, can’t.
Can you purr? [Purrs]. Oop, that’s better. [Purrs]. Oh, I’m purring. [Purrs and pants].
So when you touch a cat’s back or when you pet the cat, it goes [purrs].
It means: “Yeah, I like that! Woo-hoo!
Pet me more, ma.” Next up, oo, another cat, big cat, it’s called
a lion. It’s got big hair. Lions make the noise roar. They open their…
Can you roar like a lion? Do it. Mm, louder. Do it again. Roar. Be a crazy lion. Roar. So lions make
the noise and the sound of roar. Roar. But you just can’t say… You’re never going to see
a lion go roar. You got to roar like a lion. Oh, one of my favourites, the good old rooster.
Now, the rooster, you might look at this and go: “Ronnie, that’s
clearly a chicken,” and delicious, but a
rooster’s a boy chicken. And the cool thing about boy chickens is they have
mohawks right there. So they’re punk rock chickens. And roosters do not lay eggs, because
they’re boys. You see? So, a boy chicken has a mohawk and it does not lay an egg. The
noise it makes is one of my favourite. Maybe you have a rooster near your house. Maybe
you’re sleeping and in the morning, very early in the morning, you hear cock-a-doodle-doo. That was this guy. Roosters
say cock-a-doodle-doo. Your chance. Go. Ready?
Cock-a-doodle-doo. Cock-a-doodle-doo, cock-a-doodle-doo. So, roosters, boy chickens, cock-a-doodle-doo.
Girl chickens… Girl chickens talk too, they say bawk, bawk, bawk. Bawk, bawk,
bawk, bawk, bawk, bawk, bawk, bawk. I don’t know how to spell that, though. You can
practice. Girl chickens say bawk, bawk, bawk, bawk, and boy chickens say
cock-a-doodle-doo. Cock-a-doodle-doo. It depends
on how manly they are. One of my favourite
animals, never eaten it, it’s very, very difficult
for me to see these because I don’t really live in a tree and
hang out at nighttime. This is an owl. Maybe you have seen lots of movies with owls. Now,
owls are supposed to be really, really smart. I don’t know whether they’re that smart.
Hey, owl, are you smart? “Yes.” Oh, this guy’s really smart, he
told me. An owl makes a noise like hoot. So if we write it in English, it says hoot. But if you listen to it, it’s almost
like he’s asking a question, he’s saying: “Who? Who?” Who? You. “I am an owl,” I say. Who? So
it’s like the English question: Who? The last one, maaa, maaa, is a horse.
Maaa. Horses are delicious. No. I’ve eaten a horse, too. I’ve eaten horse in Japan. And
the cool thing about a horse is they make a sound like this [claps], that’s a horse running. There’s
a horse, there’s a horse. So the horses make the noise, we call it a neigh, but
when you do it with a sound it goes neigh, neigh. So, I want you right now think about this:
Which one is your favourite animal? Cow, duck, dog, sheep, pig,
frog, snake, cat, kitten. Today you have a very,
very important thing to do. You must act like this animal and only
speak like this animal for five minutes. I always pick cat because I think
that we could have conversations. Meow, meow, meow, meow, meow,
meow, meow (www.engvid.com), meow, meow, meow, meow, meow,
meow, meow, like a cat, meow. Meow, meow, meow,
meow, meow, meow. Meow, meow, meow, meow, meow. Meow.